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Quebec Historic Sites

57-63 St. Louis Street National Historic Site of Canada
Part of an historic significant streetscape
Québec, Quebec
Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site

Battle of the Châteauguay National Historic Site
The Battle of the Châteauguay Historic Site commemorates the victory of Canadian troops over the invading American army on October 26th, 1813. Visit the interpretation centre to discover how 300 Canadian fighters managed to defeat 3,700 Americans, an unrecognized episode in our history that recalls the importance of these militiamen who became heroes.

Battle of the Restigouche National Historic Site
For 200 years, the wreck of the Machault, a 26-gun military sailing vessel charged with protecting merchant vessels from the British, has remained under water. At the Battle of Restigouche National Historic Site, it is now possible to admire the ship’s remains and to relive the last naval battle between France and Britain for possession of North American territory. It’s an extraordinary journey that will take you all the way back to 1760!

Carillon Barracks National Historic Site
In the early 1830s, a gentleman named James Forbes had this building constructed for commercial rental purposes. It was then expanded and transformed into a barracks to house an English garrison from 1837 to 1840, soldiers who fought in the Battle of Saint‑Eustache in an attempt to crush the Patriote’s uprising.

Enter the barracks and walk through the remains of 19th century history.

Carillon Canal National Historic Site
To the delight of merchants, the Carillon Canal – built on the Ottawa River for military purposes – opened in 1833. Located 100 kilometres from Montreal and 130 kilometres from Ottawa, the canal is today a pleasure boating waterway.

You’ll be intrigued by the manoeuvres made by boats using the lock, which enables them to navigate a 20-metre drop in only 40 minutes!

Then, head off to explore the former barracks that now house a museum.

Cartier-Brébeuf National Historic Site
In the heart of Québec City, surrender yourself to the beauty and tranquility of the surrounding landscape. Follow the trail of Jacques Cartier, witness his meeting with the St. Lawrence Iroquois and discover the work of Father Jean de Brébeuf. Experience the excitement of major events and family activities. Take the bike trail, discover an amazing ecosystem or even picnic on the gras.It’s a good time in an inspiring environment.

Chambly Canal National Historic Site
Located on the left bank of the Richelieu River southeast of Montreal, the Chambly Canal stretches nearly 20 kilometres between the municipalities of Chambly and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu.

Eight of its nine locks and a bridge still operate manually. A small paradise for cyclists, boaters and hikers, the Chambly Canal site offers a moment of pure relaxation in an environment carved out by more than a century of history.

Coteau-du-Lac National Historic Site
The Coteau-du-Lac National Historic Site is located about 40 km southwest of Montréal on the shores of the St. Lawrence River. It features Canada’s first lock canal and the remains of a fort.

With a history spanning 7,000 years, the site was a portage and encampment location used by Amerindians to avoid the rapids, a military fortification, and a canal that opened the way for commercial shipping.

Forges du Saint-Maurice National Historic Site
Discover the remains of the first iron industry in Canada, the Forges du Saint-Maurice, in the Mauricie region halfway between Montréal and Québec City. Step into the Grande Maison (the “ironmasters’ house”) to admire the iron and cast iron items manufactured at the forges, then stop at the blast furnace to learn more about this community of craftsmen who, for 150 years, provided the objects needed for the development and defense of the colony.

Fort Chambly National Historic Site
Roughly 30 kilometres southeast of Montréal, Fort Chambly rises proudly at the foot of the Richelieu River rapids. Built in 1711 to defend the colony, this stone fortification was preceded by three wooden forts.

Come savour the cuisine of residents of New France while discovering garrison life. The fort has preserved the main elements of its original architecture so that you truly feel like you’re walking in the steps of a French infantryman from the 18th century.

Fort Lennox National Historic Site
Standing like a sentry on Île-aux-Noix in the middle of the Richelieu River, Fort Lennox defies time. This historic site contains period buildings that recount the daily lives of 1819 garrison soldiers – come see how nothing has changed. Park your car, take the ferry, and five minutes later you will have crossed the threshold into another era. Watch out for the cannon balls!

Fort Ste. Thérèse National Historic Site
Site of French fort for defence against Iroquois, 1665
Chambly, Quebec
Chambly Canal National Historic Site

Fort Témiscamingue National Historic Site
For nearly two centuries, Fort Témiscamingue was a theatre where English and French rivals fought to control the fur trade. This important trading post on the shore of Lake Témiscamingue witnessed a stream of trappers arriving to sell their furs to merchants and traders who shipped them on to Europe. The English and French also fought over the hunting grounds of First Nations who had occupied this territory for 6,000 years.

Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site
A jewel of the provincial capital, the Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site is a reminder of the richness of the city’s military past. The site takes us back to the French and British regimes when Québec played a deciding role in the defence of the colony. Stroll along the fortification walls and admire the work of highly skilled craftsmen. And learn how these defensive works fashioned the city’s layout and future growth.

Grosse Île and the Irish Memorial National Historic Site
Located in the middle of the St. Lawrence River, Grosse île was a quarantine station for the port of Québec from 1832 to 1937. At the time, the island was the main point of entry for immigrants coming to Canada. You will be moved by the story of Grosse Île, which stands in testament to both human tragedy and exceptional dedication. Relive the troubling experiences of immigrants who set sail in hopes of a better future, and those who cared for them upon arrival.

Lachine Canal National Historic Site
A link between the city and nature, the Lachine Canal is located in the southwest section of Montreal. Its 14.5-kilometre urban route runs between the Old Port and Lake Saint-Louis, a navigable waterway punctuated by five locks. Along its banks, a linear green urban park is lined with vestiges of the industrial era when the canal boomed. Throughout the year, a varied schedule of activities makes this historic site a great place to experience with family or friends.

Louis S. St-Laurent National Historic Site
Located in Compton in the Eastern Townships 20 km from Sherbrooke, the Louis S. St. Laurent National Historic Site recalls the life and work of the former Canadian prime minister. Visit the house where he was born as well as his father’s general store, and fall under the spell of the 1950s. Explore the remarkable history of a man renowned for his integrity and immerse yourself in the attractions of the rural village where he grew up.

Louis-Joseph Papineau National Historic Site
November 6, 1837: the house of Louis-Joseph Papineau, leader of the Patriotes, is attacked by the Doric Club, an Anglophone paramilitary organization. Fortunately, the attackers failed to get inside. This Old Montréal building bears witness to one of the most tormented times in Quebec and Canadian history. Although closed to the public, it’s possible to see the beautifully restored façade of the residence from the days when Papineau was at the peak of his political career.

Lévis Forts National Historic Site
Built between 1865 and 1872, the Lévis Forts were designed to protect Quebec City against an American invasion. The last in a series of three detached forts, Fort No. 1 attests to the remarkable technological innovations of the time. Stroll through dark, vaulted tunnels, discovering underground firing ranges, a powder magazine and casemates. Learn about the history of the fort and military strategies. And on a clear day, enjoy the superb panorama.

Maillou House National Historic Site
Fine example of 18th-century Quebec town architecture, 1736
Québec, Quebec
Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site

Manoir Papineau National Historic Site
Set in Montebello, halfway between Gatineau and Montréal, Manoir Papineau is a page straight out of 19th century history that opens right before your eyes, the grand estate of Louis-Joseph Papineau, the man who was to become a leading figure in Canadian politics.

Flanked by four towers, the manor house rules over its surrounding landscape with its landscaped garden, spacious lawns, wooded areas and a stream.

Take an excursion into the life of the head of Francophone patriots. On the menu: a guided tour of the manor and its outbuildings. Nostalgia is guaranteed.

Montmorency Park National Historic Site
Site of bishop’s palace; Parliament of Canada 1851-55
Québec, Quebec
Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site

Pointe-au-Père Lighthouse National Historic Site
From atop Pointe-au-Père lighthouse, the St. Lawrence appears even more magnificent than at ground level. On the shore of what is considered one of the most difficult waterways to navigate, the Pointe-au-Père navigational aid station has provided the best pilots to take charge of ships sailing between North America and Europe, making it a vital site. As well, it was also off Pointe-au-Père that the grand cruise ship, the Empress of Ireland, tragically sank in 1914.

Québec Garrison Club National Historic Site
Only private military club in Canada perpetuating the British colonial tradition of assembling military officers in a social environment, 1879
Québec, Quebec
Fortifications of Québec National Historic Site

Saint-Louis Forts and Châteaux National Historic Site
Did you know that an archaeological crypt revealing the official residence and seat of power of governors from 1620 to 1834 is hidden under Dufferin Terrace in Québec City? Discover its history and stroll through the remains of Château Saint-Louis. Explore its lower court, outbuildings and culinary complex. Some 120 artifacts and technologically advanced devices will help you relive the lives of the château’s residents.

Saint-Ours Canal National Historic Site
As a result of the opening of the Saint-Ours Canal in 1849, boats could finally bypass the final obstacle on the waterway between Montreal and New York. For more than a century, the Saint-Ours Canal – called the 10th lock on the Richelieu River – has been indispensable to international, regional and local trade.

Today, the lock and its dam are a place of relaxation and fish observation – visitors will be intrigued by the Vianney-Legendre fishway, a one-of-a-kind device.

Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal National Historic Site
Located west of Montreal, the Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue Canal connects Lake Saint-Louis and Lake des Deux-Montagnes. Opened in 1843, this waterway played an important commercial role in the shipping of lumber and the transport of immigrants. Today, the canal and its lock are used primarily by recreational boaters.

Sir George-Étienne Cartier National Historic Site
Old Montréal is full of unexpected treasures. Give in to your curiosity and open the door of the home of Sir George-Étienne Cartier on Notre-Dame street. Get acquainted with one of the main architects of Confederation, both a lawyer and businessman of great influence. As well, discover the new interactive exhibition which allows you to share your ideas of what makes a country.

Sir Wilfrid Laurier National Historic Site
How did people live in the 19th century? Discover the life and work of former Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier while visiting the typical Quebec home of his youth. A charming collection of artifacts and old furnishings will help you better understand the lifestyle of residents of yesteryear.

The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site
Step into the vibrant fur trade era in the heart of Old Lachine. Pass through the doors of the 1803 stone warehouse and relive a vibrant page of history through the lives of voyageurs, the bourgeois and the Amerindians. Imagine bales of pelts, stacked crates of goods and barrels of provisions. In the air there is the distinct smell of beaver pelts – the most coveted of the furs brought out of the wilderness.

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