Manitoba Historic Sites
- Forts Rouge, Garry and Gibraltar National Historic Site
- Forts Rouge, Garry and Gibraltar National Historic Site of Canada is located on three different positions at the forks of the Red and Assiniboine rivers in downtown Winnipeg, Manitoba. The only original surviving above-ground element is the north gate of Fort Garry II located in Upper Fort Garry Park, the walls of which have been partially reconstructed. The sites of the two forts Gibraltar and the first Fort Garry have been identified adjacent to Union Station, while the site of Fort Rouge is believed to be on South Point, immediately south across the Assiniboine River. Official recognition refers to the footprint of Fort Garry II, the known archaeological remains of Fort Gibraltar I, Fort Gibraltar II and Fort Garry I, and the probable location of Fort Rouge.
- Linear Mounds National Historic Site
- Linear Mounds was designated as a national historic site of Canada in 1973 because the site contains some of the most spectacular and best-preserved examples of mortuary mounds belonging to the Devil’s Lake-Sourisford Burial Complex. Located near the Souris River in southern Manitoba, the Linear Mounds burial site is a sophisticated construction consisting of three mounds spread out over a large area of land. These burial mounds, dating from approximately 900 to about 1400 AD, are complex constructions of soil, bone and other materials. The excellent state of preservation of these mounds has yielded a wealth of information concerning life in the Great Plains at this time, revealing, by the nature of the goods in the burial mounds, that the peoples of this area were part of a continent-wide trading network.
- Lower Fort Garry National Historic Site
- Nations gather to make a historic treaty between Ojibwa, Swampy Cree and the Crown. Below on the banks of the Red River, York boats rowed by a Métis crew arrive with furs from across the continent. Walk amongst Canada’s oldest collection of stone fur trade buildings to experience life of the trappers and traders of the Hudson’s Bay Company at Lower Fort Garry as they lived in the 1850s.
- Prince of Wales Fort National Historic Site
- Seek the thrill of adventure in Churchill, Manitoba… and see the astonishing Prince of Wales Fort built 250 years ago on the bare, windswept coast of Hudson Bay. Get a real sense of a fur trader’s life in the subarctic at this massive stone outpost. Hop on a boat to the fort and experience unforgettable whale watching en route – more than 3,000 beluga whales gather in the Churchill River in July and August.
- Riding Mountain Park East Gate Registration Complex National Historic Site
- Rising up at the curve of the road, its truss bridge spanning the twin turret-like cupolas, the East Gate registration Complex stands proud as the last remaining early 1930s-style National Park gate. A shining example of the traditional Canadian Rustic Design style of architecture, its logs and stone walls were built by local craftsmen with local materials. Nowadays it still remains as eastern gateway to Riding Mountain National Park.
- Riel House National Historic Site
- Explore the life of Louis Riel and his struggle to protect the social, cultural and political status of his fellow Métis after the Hudson’s Bay Company sold Rupert’s Land to the Dominion of Canada. Learn about the daily life of the Métis and how this turbulent time in history gave birth to the province of Manitoba.
- St. Andrew’s Rectory National Historic Site
- The Rectory’s distinctive Red River architecture hints at the role that the Church Missionary Society and the Church of England played in the lives of the Red River settlers in the 19th century. See the soaring spire of the Gothic Revival-style St. Andrew’s church across the road. Imagine the day to day lives of the Reverend and his Red River settler parishioners in the 1800s.
- The Forks National Historic Site
- Delve 6,000 years into the past at Winnipeg’s “Meeting Place” while soaking up the bustling ambience. Learn how two great rivers at the heart of the continent connected the prairies to the world and drew in trappers and traders from lands far away. Discover how a way of life changed for the Indigenous peoples who traded, socialized, camped and fished here for generations. Trace the tracks of the railroad as it forged a path that changed the world once again.
- York Factory National Historic Site
- Journey to York Factory, a huge fur trade era depot set in the remote Hudson Bay wilderness. This isolated post was a vital fur trade hub for more than 250 years and was the gateway to the vast interior for British trade goods, Hudson’s Bay Company employees, settlers and soldiers. Let York Factory’s pristine setting and untouched spirit transport you back in time.